Colloquia

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Friday, December 3, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room TBA
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"TBA"


Ian Spielman , Joint Quantum Institute
[Host: Prof. Dima Pesin]
ABSTRACT:

TBA

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Friday, November 19, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room 204

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"TBA"


Dan Sheehy , Louisiana State University
[Host: Cass Sackett]
ABSTRACT:

TBA

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Friday, November 12, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room 204

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"TBA "


Tao Han , University of Pittsburg
[Host: Professor P.Q. Hung]
ABSTRACT:

TBA

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Friday, October 29, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room 204

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ABSTRACT:

Atom interferometers exploit spatially delocalized quantum states to make a wide variety of highly precise measurements.  Recent technological advances have opened a path for atom interferometers to contribute to multiple areas at the forefront of modern physics, including searches for wave-like dark matter, gravitational wave detection, and fundamental quantum science.  In this colloquium, I will describe MAGIS-100, a 100-meter-tall atom interferometer being built at Fermilab to pursue these directions.  MAGIS-100 will serve as a prototype gravitational wave detector in a new frequency range, between the peak sensitivities of LIGO and LISA, that is promising for pursuing cosmological signals from the early universe and for studying a broad range of astrophysical sources.  In addition, MAGIS-100 will search for wave-like dark matter, probe quantum mechanics in a new regime in which massive particles are delocalized over macroscopic scales in distance and time, and act as a testbed for advanced quantum sensing techniques.  Finally, I will discuss the potential and motivation for follow-on atomic detectors with even longer baselines.

 

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Friday, October 22, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room 204

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"TBA"


Leonid Glazman , Yale University
[Host: Dima Pesin]
ABSTRACT:

TBA

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Friday, October 8, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room 204

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"TBA"


Dinko Počanić , University of Virginia - Department of Physics
ABSTRACT:

TBA


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Friday, October 1, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room 204

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"Rotation sensing with an atom-interferometer gyroscope"


Professor Cass Sackett , University of Virginia - Department of Physics
[Host: Gordon Cates]
ABSTRACT:

Precision rotation sensing is useful for navigation, geophysics, and tests of fundamental physics. Atom interferometers provide, by some measures, the most sensitive method for rotation sensing achieved to date. However, the best performance requires freely falling atoms in a large experimental apparatus. Many applications, such as navigating a vehicle, will benefit from a more compact geometry. One method to achieve this is by using trapped atoms that are suspended against gravity. We have implemented such an interferometer and used it to measure a rotation rate comparable to that of the Earth. The most recent iteration of the interferometer has demonstrated improvements by a factor of ten in rotation sensitivity and trap stability. A second new apparatus reduces the scale of the vacuum chamber and optical system to roughly the size of a microwave oven.


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Friday, September 17, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room 204

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"Inside the Proton: science fact, speculation, and the stuff of science fiction"


Professor Gordon Cates , University of Virginia - Department of Physics
ABSTRACT:

Whereas the structure of the atom has been  understood for many years, the internal structure of the proton (and neutron) is the subject of active research.  Understanding the nucleon is difficult because its structure is governed by quantum chromodynamics, or QCD, which has not been solved exactly in the non-perturbative or low-energy regime.  The proton's structure is intriguing, however, for many reasons.  For example, we think of the proton as being made of three quarks, but the mass of those quarks only accounts for about 1% of the proton's mass.  The remaining 99%, and hence 99% of the known mass in the universe, is due to exotic effects associated with the QCD vacuum.  While a great deal of work remains to be done, the way in which we visualize the proton has changed dramatically since the discovery of quarks.  Just as the structure of the atom was unveiled early in the 20th century, the structure of the proton is being unveiled in the first decades of the 21st century.  Another intriguing aspect of the proton arises from the fact that QCD is the only theory in nature that has essentially no free parameters. String theory, that attempts to unify our understanding of gravity and the quantum world, grew out of early efforts to understand the strong interaction.  Since string theory deals with the topology of space and time, it is tempting to believe that a deep understanding of the proton may one day provide a window into even more fundamental questions. The colloquium will cover some recent developments in our understanding of the nucleon, as well as providing a glimpse of where this rich area of research is heading in upcoming years.


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Friday, September 10, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room 204

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"Stirring by staring: Induced non-equilibrium states by measurements in quantum systems"


Israel Klich , University of Virginia - Department of Physics
[Host: Despina Louca]
ABSTRACT:

In quantum mechanics, the role of an observer is fundamentally different from that of a classical observer.  The quantum mechanical observer necessarily plays an active role in the dynamics of the system that it is observing.  This apparent difficulty may be turned into a tool to drive an initially trivial system into a complicated quantum many-body state simply by observing it.  I will present two remarkable examples of states induced by measurement. In the first, we examine the role of a moving density measuring device interacting with a system of fermions, and in particular, show that it would leave behind a wake of purely quantum origin. In the second example, inspired by the recent invention of topological Floquet insulators, we will see how a suitably chosen set of density measurements, repeated periodically, will induce robust chiral edge motion on a lattice of free fermions. Our examples show how quantum mechanical observation can be added as a versatile tool to the arsenal of quantum engineering in condensed matter systems.

Click on the following link to attend the online colloquium:
https://web.phys.virginia.edu/Private/Covid-19/colloquium.asp

Friday, February 12, 2021
2:00 PM
Online, Room via Zoom
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"Complexity of magnetic patterns and self-induced spin-glass state"


Prof. Mikhail Katsnelson , Radboud University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands,
[Host: Dima Pesin]
ABSTRACT:

The origin of complexity remains one of the most important and, at the same time, the most controversial scientific problems. Earlier attempts were based on theory of dynamical systems but did not lead to a satisfactory solution of the problem. I believe that a deeper understanding is possible based on a recent development of statistical physics, combining it with relevant ideas from evolutionary biology and machine learning.

Using patterns in magnetic materials as the main example, I discuss some general problems such as (a) a formal definition of pattern complexity [1]; (b) self-induced spin glassiness due to competing interactions as a way to interpret chaotic patterns [2]; (c) multi-well states intermediate between glasses and ordinary ordered states and their relevance for the problem of long-term memory in complicated systems [3]; and (d) complexity of frustrated quantum spin systems [4]. I will also review a very recent experimental observation of self-induced spin-glass state in elemental neodymium [5].

[1] A. A. Bagrov, I. A. Iakovlev, A. A. Iliasov, M. I. Katsnelson, and V. V. Mazurenko, Multi-scale structural complexity of natural patterns, PNAS 117, 30241 (2020).
[2] A. Principi and M. I. Katsnelson, Spin glasses in ferromagnetic thin films, Phys. Rev. B 93, 054410 (2016); Self-induced glassiness and pattern formation in spin systems due to long-range interactions, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 137201 (2016).
[3] A. Kolmus, M. I. Katsnelson, A. A. Khajetoorians, and H. J. Kappen, Atom-by-atom construction of attractors in a tunable finite size spin array, New J. Phys. 22, 023038 (2020).
[4] T. Westerhout, N. Astrakhantsev, K. S. Tikhonov, M. I. Katsnelson, and A. A. Bagrov, Generalization properties of neural network approximations to frustrated magnet ground states, Nature Commun. 11, 1 (2020).
[5] U. Kamber et al, Self-induced spin glass state in elemental and crystalline neodymium, Science 368, eaay6757 (2020).
VIDEO:
Click on the following link to attend the online colloquium:
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Friday, February 5, 2021
3:30 PM
Physics Building, Room via Zoom
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"A fermionic triangular-lattice quantum gas microscope "


Peter Schauss , University of Virginia - Physics Dept.
[Host: Bob Jones]
ABSTRACT:

Geometrically frustrated many-body systems show many interesting emerging phenomena, ranging from kinetic frustration to exotic spin ordering and chiral spin liquid phases. Ultracold atom systems offer great tunability and flexibility to realize such systems in a wide parameter range of interactions, densities, and spin-imbalance.

In this talk, I will present our recent results on site-resolved imaging of ultracold fermionic lithium atoms on a triangular optical lattice.

Degenerate Fermi gases with about one tenth of the Fermi temperature have been realized within a crossed dipole trap and successfully loaded into a two-dimensional triangular optical lattice. To characterize this lattice, we observed Kapitza-Dirac scattering using a molecular Bose-Einstein condensate. Collecting the emitted photons during Raman sideband cooling in the triangular lattice using a high-resolution microscope objective enabled the high-fidelity imaging of individual fermionic atoms in the lattice with single-site resolution.

The next step will be the realization of a triangular lattice Hubbard model by implementing an additional optical lattice to increase interactions.

This novel experimental platform will allow us to study spin and density correlations in the triangular Hubbard model to explore signatures of frustration and spin-hole bound states and may lead to a direct observation of non-vanishing chiral correlations.

VIDEO:
Click on the following link to attend the online colloquium:
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Friday, October 23, 2020
3:30 PM
Online, Room via Zoom
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"Bosonic Quantum Information Processing with Superconducting Circuits"


Professor Liang Jiang , Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering, University of Chicago
[Host: Olivier Pfister]
ABSTRACT:

Bosonic modes are widely used for quantum communication and information processing. Recent developments in superconducting circuits enable us to control bosonic microwave cavity modes and implement arbitrary operations allowed by quantum mechanics, such as quantum error correction against excitation loss errors. We investigate different bosonic encoding and error correction protocols, and provide a perspective on using bosonic quantum error correction for various applications.

VIDEO:

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