Professor Eric Sharpe
, Virginia Tech
[Host: Prof. Diana Vaman]
In this talk I will review work on `decomposition,' a property of 2d theories with 1-form symmetries and, more generally, d-dim'l theories with (d-1)-form symmetries. Decomposition is the observation that such quantum field theories are equivalent to ('decompose into’) disjoint unions of other QFTs, known in this context as "universes.” Examples include two-dimensional gauge theories and orbifolds with matter invariant under a subgroup of the gauge group.
Decomposition explains and relates several physical properties of these theories -- for example, restrictions on allowed instantons arise as a "multiverse interference effect" between contributions from constituent universes. First worked out in 2006 as part of efforts to understand string propagation on generalizations of spaces, decomposition has been the driver of a number of developments since.
In the first half of this talk, I will review decomposition; in the second half, I will focus on the recent application to anomaly resolution of Wang-Wen-Witten in two-dimensional finite gauge theories known as orbifolds.
High Energy Physics Seminar
Wednesday, March 9, 2022
Online, Room via Zoom
Note special room.
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