Physics at Virginia

"Probing modified gravitational-wave propagation through tidal measurements of binary neutron star mergers"

Nan Jiang , University of Virginia - Department of Physics
[Host: Kent Yagi]

Gravitational-wave sources can serve as standard sirens to probe cosmology by measuring their luminosity distance and redshift.  Such standard sirens are also useful to probe theories beyond General Relativity with a modified gravitational-wave propagation.  Most previous studies on the latter assume multi-messenger observations so that the luminosity distance can be measured with gravitational waves while the redshift is obtained by identifying sources’ host galaxies from electromagnetic counterparts.  Given that gravitational-wave events of binary neutron star coalescences with associated electromagnetic counterpart detections are expected to be rather rare,  it is important to examine the possibility of using standard sirens to probe gravity with gravitational-wave measurements alone.  In this paper, we achieve this by extracting the redshift from the tidal measurement of binary neutron stars (that was originally proposed within the context of gravitational-wave cosmology).  We also improve previous work by considering multi-band gravitational-wave observations between ground-based (e.g.  Einstein Telescope) and space-based (e.g.  DECIGO) interferometers. We find that such multi-band observations with the tidal information can constrain a parametric non-Einsteinian deviation in the luminosity distance more stringently than the case with electromagnetic counterparts (due to a larger number of available events) by a factor of a few.  We also map the above-projected constraints on the parametric deviation to those on specific theories beyond General Relativity.

High Energy Physics Seminar
Wednesday, March 31, 2021
4:00 PM
Online, Room viz Zoom
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