, University of Virginia - Department of Physics
[Host: Bob Jones]
Layered transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are well known for their rich phase diagrams, which
encompass diverse quantum states including metals, semiconductors, Mott insulators, superconductors, and
charge density waves (CDWs). For instance, 2H-NbSe2 and 2H-TaS2 are canonical incommensurate CDW
systems, while 1T-TiSe2 harbors a commensurate CDW order. There is a coexistence/competition of CDW
and superconductivity in 2H-NbSe2 and 2H-TaS2, though this is not the case for pristine 1T-TiSe2. A subtle
interplay of CDW and superconducting orders, however, appears in each of these materials via chemical
intercalation or under pressure. Such a competition between or coexistence of proximate broken-symmetry
phases resembles many aspects of the phase diagram of cuprate high temperature superconductors
(HTSCs)—particularly, in the underdoped regime where the enigmatic pseudogap phase exists. The origin
of the CDW order in these compounds is an intriguing puzzle despite decades of research. We will present
our experimental data, which combine Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy, Scanning Tunneling
Spectroscopy, scattering and transport measurements, to provide new insights into the relative importance
of lattice and Coulomb effects in the CDW transitions of these compounds. These studies will also highlight
the distinctive impacts of disorder and doping in commensurate and incommensurate CDW systems.
Finally, comparing spectroscopic features of the CDW state of the TMDs with those of the normal state
underdoped HTSCs, we will discuss whether a CDW order can possibly be the origin of the pseudogap
phase in the cuprates.
Thursday, October 4, 2018
Physics Building, Room 204
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