Physics at Virginia

"Crystal Structures and Photoluminescence of a Two-Dimensional Perovskite"

Depei Zhang , UVA - Department of Physics
[Host: Seunghun Lee]

Arguably the biggest challenge of the high-efficiency perovskite solar cells, such as CH3NH3PbI3 and CH(NH2)2PbI3, is their device instability. A recent study of 2D perovskite compounds, butylammonium methylammonium lead iodide perovskite, [CH3(CH2)3NH3]2(CH3NH3)n-1PbnI3n+1, proposed a solution to this problem. This class of materials shows a maximum photovoltaic efficiency of 12.52%, without any obvious degradation over thousands of hours under standard light illumination and humidity test. This talk focuses on the study of temperature-dependent crystal structures, along with the photovoltaic properties of the 2D 1-layer (n = 1) perovskite material. We have performed elastic and inelastic neutron scattering, Raman scattering, and photoluminescence measurements on a powder sample of the 1-layer system ([CH3(CH2)3NH3]2PbI4). Our analysis of the data illuminates the evolution of the lattice structure, rotational and vibrational dynamics with temperature, and their connection to the charge carrier lifetime of the solar cell will be discussed.

Condensed Matter Seminar
Thursday, April 19, 2018
11:00 AM
Physics Building, Room 313
Note special time.
Note special room.

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