Physics at Virginia

Peter Schauss

Ph.D., 2015, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany
Assistant Professor

Experimental Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

Research Interests

Using the recently developed techniques of quantum gas microscopy, Peter Schauss is working on quantum simulation of bosonic and fermionic quantum many-body systems with ultracold atoms in optical lattices. The single-site and single-atom resolved imaging of these systems enables a unique view on strongly correlated condensed-matter-like systems with full tunability of all relevant parameters of the Hamiltonian, reaching into regimes where exact calculations on classical computers become inaccessible.

Our experimental system relies on the well-developed techniques of laser-cooling and atom trapping. These allow to cool atoms into the quantum regime at a few billionth of a degree above absolute zero, where the particle statistics, i.e. whether the atoms are bosons or fermions, is dominating. By loading ultracold atoms into optical lattices, very clean realizations of a wide variety of condensed matter models are obtained.
This experimental platform is extremely versatile and previous studies have demonstrated precise measurements of properties of quantum materials. Examples include Hubbard models that are related to high-temperature superconductivity, as well as various types of quantum magnets and topological states. In addition, long-range interactions in these system can be introduced by coupling to Rydberg states.

The fresh new view on condensed matter model systems provided by ultracold atoms can help to identify the essence of the physics in these systems. These insights then provide guidance to the understanding of real-world quantum materials with competing quantum effects and their dynamical properties.


Selected Publications

Matthew Wampler, Peter Schauss, Eugene B. Kolomeisky, Israel Klich
Quantum wakes in lattice fermions
Phys. Rev. Research 3, 033112 (2021), arXiv version

Elmer Guardado-Sanchez, Benjamin M. Spar, Peter Schauss, Ron Belyansky, Jeremy T. Young, Przemyslaw Bienias, Alexey V. Gorshkov, Thomas Iadecola, Waseem S. Bakr
Quench Dynamics of a Fermi Gas with Strong Nonlocal Interactions
Phys. Rev. X 11, 021036 (2021), arXiv version

Jin Yang, Liyu Liu, Jirayu Mongkolkiattichai, Peter Schauss
Site-Resolved Imaging of Ultracold Fermions in a Triangular-Lattice Quantum Gas Microscope
PRX Quantum 2, 020344 (2021), arXiv version

Peter T. Brown, Debayan Mitra, Elmer Guardado-Sanchez, Reza Nourafkan, Alexis Reymbaut, Charles-David Hébert, Simon Bergeron, A.-M. S. Tremblay, Jure Kokalj, David A. Huse, Peter Schauss, Waseem S. Bakr,
Bad metallic transport in a cold atom Fermi-Hubbard system,
Science 363, 379-382 (2019), arXiv version

Peter Schauss, Polarons leave a trace, Science 365, 218-218 (2019)

Elmer Guardado-Sanchez, Peter T. Brown, Debayan Mitra, Trithep Devakul, David A. Huse, Peter Schauss, Waseem S. Bakr,
Probing the Quench Dynamics of Antiferromagnetic Correlations in a 2D Quantum Ising Spin System,
Phys. Rev. X 8, 021069 (2018), arXiv version

Peter Schauss,
Quantum simulation of transverse Ising models with Rydberg atoms,
Quantum Sci. Technol. 3, 023001 (2018), arXiv version

Debayan Mitra, Peter T. Brown, Elmer Guardado-Sanchez, Stanimir S. Kondov, Trithep Devakul, David A. Huse, Peter Schauss, Waseem S. Bakr,
Quantum gas microscopy of an attractive Fermi-Hubbard system,
Nat. Phys. 14, 173-177 (2017), arXiv version

Peter T. Brown, Debayan Mitra, Elmer Guardado-Sanchez, Peter Schauss, Stanimir S. Kondov, Ehsan Khatami, Thereza Paiva, Nandini Trivedi, David A. Huse, Waseem S. Bakr,
Spin-imbalance in a 2D Fermi-Hubbard system,
Science 357, 1385-1388 (2017), arXiv version

Jae-yoon Choi, Sebastian Hild, Johannes Zeiher, Peter Schauss, Antonio Rubio-Abadal, Tarik Yefsah, Vedika Khemani, David A. Huse, Immanuel Bloch, Christian Gross,
Exploring the many-body localization transition in two dimensions,
Science 352, 1547-1552 (2016), arXiv version

Johannes Zeiher, Rick van Bijnen, Peter Schauss, Sebastian Hild, Jae-yoon Choi, Thomas Pohl, Immanuel Bloch, Christian Gross,
Many-body interferometry of a Rydberg-dressed spin lattice,
Nat. Phys. 12, 1095-–1099 (2016), arXiv version

Debayan Mitra, Peter T. Brown, Peter Schauss, Stanimir S. Kondov, Waseem S. Bakr,
Phase Separation and Pair Condensation in a Spin-Imbalanced 2D Fermi Gas,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 093601 (2016), arXiv version

Peter Schauss, Johannes Zeiher, Takeshi Fukuhara, Sebastian Hild, Marc Cheneau, Tommaso Macrì, Thomas Pohl, Immanuel Bloch, Christian Gross,
Crystallization in Ising quantum magnets,
Science 347, 1455-1458 (2015), arXiv version

Johannes Zeiher, Peter Schauss, Sebastian Hild, Tommaso Macrì, Immanuel Bloch, Christian Gross,
Microscopic Characterization of Scalable Coherent Rydberg Superatoms,
Phys. Rev. X 5, 031015 (2015), arXiv version

Takeshi Fukuhara, Sebastian Hild, Johannes Zeiher, Peter Schauss, Immanuel Bloch, Manuel Endres, Christian Gross,
Spatially Resolved Detection of a Spin-Entanglement Wave in a Bose-Hubbard Chain,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 035302 (2015), arXiv version

Sebastian Hild, Takeshi Fukuhara, Peter Schauss, Johannes Zeiher, Michael Knap, Eugene Demler, Immanuel Bloch, Christian Gross,
Far-from-Equilibrium Spin Transport in Heisenberg Quantum Magnets,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 147205 (2014), arXiv version

Takeshi Fukuhara, Peter Schauss, Manuel Endres, Sebastian Hild, Marc Cheneau, Immanuel Bloch, Christian Gross,
Microscopic observation of magnon bound states and their dynamics,
Nature 502, 76-79 (2013), arXiv version

Takeshi Fukuhara, Adrian Kantian, Manuel Endres, Marc Cheneau, Peter Schauss, Sebastian Hild, David Bellem, Ulrich Schollwöck, Thierry Giamarchi, Christian Gross, Immanuel Bloch, Stefan Kuhr,
Quantum dynamics of a mobile spin impurity,
Nat. Phys. 9, 235-241 (2013), arXiv version

Manuel Endres, Marc Cheneau, Takeshi Fukuhara, Christof Weitenberg, Peter Schauss, Christian Gross, Leonardo Mazza, Mari Carmen Bañuls, Lode Pollet, Immanuel Bloch, Stefan Kuhr,
Single-site- and single-atom-resolved measurement of correlation functions,
Appl. Phys. B 113, 27-29 (2013), arXiv version

Marc Cheneau, Peter Barmettler, Dario Poletti, Manuel Endres, Peter Schauss, Takeshi Fukuhara, Christian Gross, Immanuel Bloch, Corinna Kollath, Stefan Kuhr,
Light-cone-like spreading of correlations in a quantum many-body system,
Nature 481, 484-487 (2012), arXiv version

Peter Schauss, Marc Cheneau, Manuel Endres, Takeshi Fukuhara, Sebastian Hild, Ahmed Omran, Thomas Pohl, Christian Gross, Stefan Kuhr, Immanuel Bloch,
Observation of spatially ordered structures in a two-dimensional Rydberg gas,
Nature 491, 87-91 (2012), arXiv version

Manuel Endres, Takeshi Fukuhara, David Pekker, Marc Cheneau, Peter Schauss, Christian Gross, Eugene Demler, Stefan Kuhr, Immanuel Bloch,
The 'Higgs' amplitude mode at the two-dimensional superfluid/Mott insulator transition,
Nature 487, 454-458 (2012), arXiv version

Christof Weitenberg, Peter Schauss, Takeshi Fukuhara, Marc Cheneau, Manuel Endres, Immanuel Bloch, Stefan Kuhr,
Coherent Light Scattering from a Two-Dimensional Mott Insulator,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 215301 (2011), arXiv version

Manuel Endres, Marc Cheneau, Takeshi Fukuhara, Christof Weitenberg, Peter Schauss, Christian Gross, Leonardo Mazza, Mari Carmen Bañuls, Lode Pollet, Immanuel Bloch, Stefan Kuhr,
Observation of correlated particle-hole pairs and string order in low-dimensional Mott insulators,
Science 334, 200-203 (2011), arXiv version

Christof Weitenberg, Manuel Endres, Jacob F. Sherson, Marc Cheneau, Peter Schauss, Takeshi Fukuhara, Immanuel Bloch, Stefan Kuhr,
Single-spin addressing in an atomic Mott insulator,
Nature 471, 319-324 (2011), arXiv version

News Items

Peter Schauss has been selected as a recipient of the 2023 Research Excellence Award by the University of Virginia Research Achievement Awards committee.  The award recognizes faculty ......More >
Peter Schauss is this year’s winner of an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation fellowship for his work with ultra-cold quantum gases and quantum many-body physics. Peter has pioneered the ......More >
Congratulations to Peter Schauss who has been granted an NSF CAREER Award based on his proposal, “Quantum Gas Microscopy of Frustrated Hubbard Systems”.  The Faculty Early ......More >
UVa Physics professor Peter Schauss and colleagues demonstrate a quantum gas microscope to image individual fermionic atoms in a triangular lattice. They prepare a degenerate Fermi gas, load it ......More >
Two separate teams lead by Condensed Matter physicists Bellave Shivaram and Gia-Wei Chern have won awards in the recent round of funding from the More >
Peter Schauss was selected as a 2018 Blavatnik Awards for Young Scientists Regional Finalist. The Blavatnik Awards for Young ......More >


Blavatnik Regional Award Finalist [2018]

Recognized for: Fundamental experiments using quantum gas microscopy – where atoms are cooled to temperatures only a few billionths of a degree above absolute zero so their behavior becomes dominated by quantum mechanics. Link