Condensed Matter Seminars

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Thursday, March 11, 2021
3:30 PM
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"Ferrimagnetic materials for room temperature small skyrmions"

Wei Zhou , University of Virginia - Department of Physics
[Host: Joe Poon]

The magnetic skyrmions are topologically protected spin configuration, which stabilized by Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI). Due to skyrmions’ ability to be small, stable, and controllable by electric current [1], they have considerable potential for high-density data storage applications. It is theoretically predicted that ferrimagnetic materials prefer holding small skyrmions at room temperature (RT) [2,3]. 10-15nm ferrimagnetic CoGd heterostructures and 10-15nm ferrimagnetic Mn4N heterostructures were fabricated by magnetron sputtering for holding small skyrmions at RT. Magnetic force microscope images show skyrmions. A designed compound layer is capping on the top of the magnetic layer to adjust the interfacial DMI, thus tune the size of skyrmions. The micromagnetic simulation was performed to study the effect of DMI on the size of skyrmions Mn4N.


[1] Fert, A., et al. Magnetic skyrmions: advances in physics and potential applications. Nat Rev Mater 2, 17031 (2017).
[2] Büttner, F., et al. Theory of isolated magnetic skyrmions: From fundamentals to room temperature applications. Sci Rep 8, 4464 (2018).
[3] C.T. Ma., et al. Robust Formation of Ultrasmall Room-Temperature Neél Skyrmions in Amorphous Ferrimagnets from Atomistic Simulations. Sci Rep 9, 9964 (2019).

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